Brief Notes on the Titles, Nature, and Work of Jesus Christ

This article is an excerpt from The Amplified Study Bible, being commentary on Isaiah 9:1-7.

9:7 The Son of God – In Luke 24:25 Jesus goes to great lengths to help two of his disciples understand what the Jewish Scriptures (the Old Testament) said about him.  Throughout the Old Testament there are numerous passages that point towards Jesus Christ in several ways.  This prophecy in Isaiah is one of the most important of these passages.  Here he is spoken of as a son before He became a man (see also Gal 4:4).  Micah prophesies His birth, but also states that His “goings forth (appearances) are from long ago, from ancient days” (Mic 5:2). [See my article on this website “The Eternal Pre-existence of Jesus Protected in the King James Bible”].  John says that He existed “in the beginning” before anything was created (Jn 1:1-3).

Even before He was born of Mary, He appeared to men in the Old Testament as “the angel of the Lord”.  It is clear that this angel is no ordinary angel because He is identified as God (Ex 3:2).  He pardons sin (Ex 3:20-21), and He is worshipped (Josh 5:13-15).  While these passages do not say that this member of the Godhead was the pre-incarnate Christ, we may conclude that they are the same person since their work is the same.

While Christ occasionally appeared to men in the Old Testament, He took on a physical, human body when He was conceived in Mary’s womb.  This incomparable event of God’s becoming man in Jesus Christ is called the incarnation.  This miracle was prophesied hundreds of years previously (Isa 7:14) and was fulfilled historically when Christ was born (Lk 2:7).  Thus Christ, the sinless God-man, was qualified to become our Redeemer (2 Cor 5:21).

As a man, Christ experienced the normal physical, mental, social, and spiritual growth as others did (Lk 2:52).  He suffered pain, hunger, thirst, fatigue, temptation, pleasure, rest, and even lack of knowledge (Mk 13:32).  Because of His complete humanity He can be sympathetic and compassionate toward us (Heb 4:15).

While Christ was fully man He was also fully God, as these facts indicate: He is called God (Jn 1:1; Heb 1:8); He did works that only God could do, such as forgive sins (Mk 2:7) and create (Col 1:16); He had attributes that only God could have, such as truth (Jn 14:6) and omniscience (Jn 2:24-25); and He claimed equality with God (Jn 10:30).

The question may be raised as to whether Christ lost anything of deity when He became a man (Php 2:6-8).  While there is an inscrutable mystery involved in this unparalleled act of condescension, one can be certain that He lost none of God’s attributes, because He was still God (Jn 20:28).  He is fully God and fully man united in one person forever.  Even now, at the right hand of God, He is the God-man (1 Tim 2:5).  The great condescension of the Son of God in becoming a man, serves eternally as a perfect model of humility and self-giving love (Php 2:8).

From: Amplified Study Bible.  Copyright 2017 by Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49546.